If you rely on a well for your water supply, you need a reliable pump to ensure a constant supply of water. A shallow well pump is an affordable and efficient option for pumping water from a well that’s less than 25 feet deep. Installing a shallow well pump can seem daunting, but with the right tools and knowledge, it’s a simple process that you can complete in a few hours.
Before you begin installing your shallow well pump, you’ll need to gather the necessary tools and materials. Here’s a list of what you’ll need:
- Shallow well pump
- Pump housing
- Pressure switch
- Pressure gauge
- Electrical wire
- PVC piping
- PVC glue
- Pipe cutter
- Teflon tape
Once you have the tools and materials, you’ll need to determine the location of the pump. Look for a dry, level area close to the wellhead where the pump can be installed. You’ll also need to measure the depth of the well to ensure you purchase a pump that can handle the depth.
To measure the depth of the well, you can use a well sounder or a weighted string. Lower the sounder or string into the well until it hits the bottom, and then mark the string at the top of the well. Pull the string out of the well, measure the length from the top of the string to the mark, and that’s the depth of your well.
Now that you have gathered the necessary tools and materials and determine the location of the pump, it’s time to install the pump. Here are the steps to follow:
Install the Pump Housing
The first step is to install the pump housing. The pump housing is the part of the pump that sits above ground and connects to the wellhead. The housing should be placed on a stable surface and secured with bolts or screws.
Next, connect the pump to the housing. The pump should slide into the housing and be secured with bolts or screws. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for securing the pump to the housing.
Connect the Electrical Wiring
Before connecting the electrical wiring, make sure the power to the well is turned off. Connect the electrical wire to the pump, following the manufacturer’s instructions. If you’re not comfortable working with electrical wiring, consider hiring an electrician to complete this step.
Install the Pressure Switch and Pressure Gauge
The pressure switch and pressure gauge are essential components of the pump that regulate the water pressure. Install the pressure switch and pressure gauge according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Install the Water Piping System
Finally, install the water piping system. Connect the PVC piping to the pump and run it to the pressure tank. Use a pipe cutter to cut the PVC piping to the correct length and use Teflon tape to seal the joints. Use PVC glue to secure the piping to the pump and pressure tank.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed your shallow well pump. In the next section, we’ll discuss testing and maintenance.
Installation of the Pump (Cont’d)
Install the Pressure Switch and Pressure Gauge (Cont’d)
Once the pressure switch and pressure gauge are installed, connect the wires according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The pressure switch and pressure gauge should be connected to the electrical wire that was run to the pump.
Install the Water Piping System (Cont’d)
After installing the pressure switch and pressure gauge, it’s time to install the water piping system. Connect the PVC piping to the pump and run it to the pressure tank. Use a pipe cutter to cut the PVC piping to the correct length and use Teflon tape to seal the joints. Use PVC glue to secure the piping to the pump and pressure tank.
Once the piping is installed, turn the water supply on and check for leaks. If you notice any leaks, use PVC glue to seal them.
Testing and Maintenance
Test the Pump for Proper Operation
Before you start using the pump, you need to test it for proper operation. Here’s how:
- Turn the power to the well on.
- Open a faucet to allow air to escape from the system.
- Wait for the water to flow out of the faucet.
- Close the faucet and observe the pressure gauge.
- The pressure gauge should read between 20-50 PSI.
- If the pressure is too low or too high, adjust the pressure switch accordingly.
Perform Routine Maintenance on the Pump
To keep your shallow well pump running smoothly, you need to perform routine maintenance. Here are some tips:
- Check the pressure tank regularly for proper pressure levels.
- Clean the pump and housing to remove debris and dirt.
- Replace the pressure switch if it’s not functioning correctly.
- Lubricate the pump bearings annually.
- Check the electrical connections for wear and tear.
Troubleshoot Common Problems
Even with proper maintenance, problems can still arise with your shallow well pump. Here are some common problems and how to troubleshoot them:
- Low water pressure: Check the pressure switch and adjust if necessary.
- No water flow: Check for clogs in the piping system.
- Short cycling: Check the pressure tank and pressure switch for issues.
- Leaks: Check for loose connections or damaged pipes.
By following these tips, you can keep your shallow well pump running smoothly for years to come. Remember to always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and consult a professional if you’re not comfortable with any part of the installation or maintenance process.
Safety should always be a top priority when installing or operating a shallow well pump. Here are some safety measures to keep in mind:
Safety Measures to Take During Installation
- Always turn off the power to the well before working on the pump.
- Wear appropriate safety gear, such as gloves and safety glasses, when handling the pump and tools.
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully to avoid any accidents or injuries.
- Use caution when working with electrical wiring and consider hiring a professional if you’re not comfortable with the process.
Safety Tips for Operating the Pump
- Regularly check the pump for signs of wear and tear.
- Install a safety cover over the pump to prevent accidental contact.
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for operating the pump and maintaining proper water pressure.
- If you notice any unusual sounds or smells coming from the pump, turn off the power immediately and seek professional help.
Installing a shallow well pump is an essential task for anyone who relies on a well for their water supply. By following the steps outlined in this guide and taking proper safety precautions, you can ensure a constant supply of water and avoid costly repairs in the future. Remember to test the pump for proper operation and perform routine maintenance to keep it running smoothly. With a little patience and the right tools, you can install a shallow well pump in a few hours and enjoy a reliable water supply for years to come.